Food and Agriculture Sector in Pakistan
The overall situation of Food during the year 1998-99 was satisfactory. In order to provide relief to the consumers, the government has taken various measures to control the inflation in food items. The agriculture sector, which is the largest sector of Pakistan's Economy, has registered a marginal growth of 0.35 per cent as compared to 3.82 per cent during the year 1997-98. The decline in the agricultural growth is mainly due to decline in cotton production, which suffered heavy losses due to virus attack. Similarly the production of wheat is also decline due to long spell of dry season at the time of sowing. The growth of major crops were 0.6 per cent in 1998-99 as compare to 8.3 per cent during the same period last year. The minor crops registered a growth of 0.6 per cent as it was 3.3 per cent in 1997-98. The Livestock Sector grewed by 1.5 per cent over the negative growth of 0.7 per cent in 1997-98, Fisheries sector increased by 3.7 per cent over 7.8 per cent in the year 1997-98. The production of sugar cane during the year is estimated at 55190.7 thousand tonnes which shows an increase of 3.9 per cent over the last year.
The average food availability remained satisfactory during the year 1998-99. The per capita availability of Rice, Pulses, Milk, Meat, Fruit and Vegetables increased by 1.86 per cent, 12.5 per cent, 1.99 per cent, 3.0 per cent and 0.33 per cent respectively as change over to 1997-98 to 1998-99. The per capita availability of wheat increased by 1.58 per cent as compare to last year.