Gujrat - Pakistan
A General Overview:
Gujrat, along with Fatehpur Sikri and Dipalpur, is one of the only three historical towns in the subcontinent which were actually planned prior to being built. But unlike Dipalpur, which was erected specifically to house the royal army, or Fatehpur Sikri which was conceived as the imperial capital, Gujrat was, from start, the people's town. Some five miles north of the meandering loops of Chenab, it sits atop a small mound clearly visible from the Grand Trunk Road. In the mound, apparently, are buried the remains of at least two older towns, the more recent of which is thought to have been destroyed by the Mongols in the time of Alauddin Khilji. The current town wass built at the command of the Moghal emperor Akbar, who built a thick wall around the town, garrisoned it with Gujars and named it Gujar Akbarabad. In the seventeenth century Gujrat was a thriving centre of trade and had a healthy tradition of craft. Gujrat was made district headquarter in 1849.
Gujrat stands tall among the political circles of the country. It has produced some of the finest politicians and political workers like Sir Fazal Ali, Choudhary Zahoor Ellahi, Choudhary Shujat Hussain, Choudhary Pervaiz Ellahi, Choudhary Ahmad Mukhtar, Mian Mushtaq Ahmad Pagganwala, Mian Imran Masood. Choudhary Fazal Ellahi was the President of Pakistan during 70s. Three brave sons of district Gujrat were honoured with the highest military award, the Nishan-i-Haider. These were Major Aziz Bhatti, Major Muhammad Akram and Major Shabbir Sharif. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan called it "Khitta-e-Yunan".
More than 300,000 people from Gujrat live overseas and contribute more than 3 billion rupees per year as foreign exchange. They are playing a vital role in economies of their host countries and are keenly interested in Gujrat affairs at all levels. People from all the three tehsils, Gujrat, Kharian and Sarai Alamgir represent Gujrat overseas.
Gujrat is also known in the world for its clay with which Gujratis produce quality pottery since ages. Apart from agriculture and clay the city is well known due to its furniture manufacturing skills. Gujratis have mastered the skills of conditioning the wood and producing world class furniture having immaculate finish. Over last few decades Gujrat has also attained a name in export of electric fans.
Gujrat has a unique status throughout the Punjab due to some of its manufacturing capabilities and productions. There are about 1,059 cottage level and small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the district. Jalalpur Jattan is a large town of Gujrat, where several small and large textile industrial unit have been established. There are many other industrial units and factories engaged in manufacturing of electrical goods (Fan), Electric Motors, Earthen Utensils, Shoes, Rubber Tyre Tube, Sanitary Ware ,Rice Cleaning Mills and Furniture. The high quality furniture made here have been used in National and Provincial Assemblies.
The story of emergence of electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan is one of those heroic efforts made by a few enterprising individuals who, starting with nothing in early 1940s, struggled against all odds and turned this concern into a most efficient industry in Pakistan. This is an industry on which all Pakistanis can rightly be proud of. It does not owe its success to any foreign collaboration or any from the Government, but only to its own people whose constant research for maintaining good quality and devising new methods and techniques of production have now resulted in a product which we can rightfully claim as among the best in the world.
There are now over five hundred fan manufacturing units operating in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore and a few other cities. Except for a few, the rest falls into the category of cottage industry. These small units form the real backbone of this industry. They provide employment to a large number of people and all put together account of more than 90 percent of the domestic market.
Gujrat (Urdu/Punjabi: ?????) is a city in Pakistan. It is the capital of Gujrat District and the Gujrat Tehsil subdivision in the Punjab Province. People living in Gujrat refer to themselves as Gujratis, which sometimes leads to confusion with the Indian state of Gujarat which neighbors Pakistan. The major sources of livelihood of Gujrat populace are agriculture and small industries.
Gujrat is situated on the bank of Chenab River, situated about 120 KM north of Lahore. Prominent nearby locations include Jhelum, Gujranwala, Mandi Bahauddin, Sialkot and Bhimber-Azad Kashmir. The city is surrounded by many villages which supply a significant labor to the local market.
Gujrat is an ancient city which was founded by Raja Bachhan Pal Gurjar in 460 BC, according to General Cunningham, the British historian. Historical consensus is that it existed in the time of Alexander the Great, and that the city's Raja Porus put up a fierce challenge to Alexander's invasion at the bank of the Jehlum River. The establishment of Gujrat City was realized early in the 1900 century after the British Empire and in support of regional land lords (e.g., Daswandi Khan of Daswandi Pura).
During the Mughal period Mughal royalty would used to travel through the district en-route to Kashmir. When King Jahangir died while he was returning from Kashmir, the news of his death was not released to avoid any chaos in the empire. As such, his abdominal organs were taken out and buried in Gujrat. To this day, an annual festival is held commemorating this event, commonly known as the "Festival of Jahangir".
Two main battles between British and Sikh armies were fought in this district: the Battle of Chillianwala and Battle of Gujrat. Only after winning the battle of Gujrat on 22 February 1849 did the British declare victory in Punjab.
There are many historical buildings and ruins in and around Gujrat. The Grand Trunk Road commonly abbreviated as G.T. road built by emperor Sher Shah Suri also passes through Gujrat. The road still exists today, along with its period stone wall. The nearby towns of Jalal Pur Jattan, Shadiwal, Kalra, Tanda, Adowal, Kotla, Dinga, Kunjah and many more have historical buildings and ruins.
Gujrat is an ancient city of Pakistan located between two famous rivers, Jhelum River and Chenab River. Because of its proximity with the rivers, the land is good for cultivation of rice and sugarcane as main crops. It is bounded on the northeast by Jammu and Kashmir, on the northwest by the Jhelum River, on the east and southeast by the Chenab River, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot; and on the west by Mandi Bahauddin District.
Sharif Kunjahi, Famous Punjabi Poet
Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed, a recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider (Pakistan's highest Military award) during the India-Pakistan war of 1965 belongs to Laadhian, a village in Gujrat.
Major Muhammad Akram Shaheed, a recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider (Pakistan's highest Military award) during the India-Pakistan war of 1971 belongs to Dinga, a city in Gujrat.
Major Shabir Sharif was another recipient of the Nishan-e-Haider belongs to a near by village of gujrat namely kunjah.
Inayat Hussain Bhatti, (1928-1999) a multidimensional icon of Pakistan. His body of work includes contributions as a singer, actor, producer, director, script writer, social worker, columnist, religious scholar and a protagonist of the development of Punjabi language and literature.
Fazal Elahi Chaudhry, former President of Pakistan.
Ch Ahmad Mukhtar, Present Defence Minister Of Pakistan.
Ch Shujat Hussain, Ex-Prime Minister of Pakistan, Ex-head of PML-(Q).
Ch Pervez Ilahi, Ex-Chief Minister of Punjab.
Ch Abrar Ahmed Warraich,President National Bank Officers Welfare Association Lahore.
Ch. Aitzaz Ahsan, Ex-President Supreme Court Bar Association of Pakistan
Nawab Sir Fazal Ali, Founder of Zamindara College.
Naheed Akhtar, One of the most famous female singer of Pakistan.
Sabiha Khanum, a famous Film Actress of 1970s, wife of famous actor Musa Raza (Santosh Kumar).
The city has moderate climate. During the peak of summer, the daytime temperature shoots up to 45°C, but the hot spells are relatively short due to the proximity of the Azad Kashmir Mountains. During the winter, the minimum temperature may fall below 2°C. The average rainfall at Gujrat is 67 cm.
Gujrat produces low temperature pottery ceramic goods, Hukkas , artistic handicrafts, flower pots, "Changairian" (made from the leaves of palm and date trees), cotton mates and woollen shawls. Sohni Mahiwal is a famous folk tale of the Punjab region. The heroine of the story, named "Sohni" (a Punjabi word, meaning "beautiful"), came from the Gujrat region. She used to meet her lover "Mahinwal" by crossing the Chenab river, sitting on a pitcher. The tale is still told to this day, and is an essential part of Punjabi culture. The anniversary of Kanwan-Wali Sarkar near Karuan wala Gujrat is celebrated with a fair in August every year. He is known as the one of the greatest saints that ever lived. A famous miracle was when water in a well actually turned to milk for a period of time. The well is still there. The locals have a myth that it rains heavily at the time of fair (but actually the rail falls because of monsoon)and "Wengi Wali Sarkar" anniversary in 5 january every year at village Haji Wala near Karianwala Tehsil and District Gujrat.
Gujrat is also known for its clay with which the locals have, for long, produced quality pottery. The city also produces fine furniture. Over the last few decades, Gujrat has also attained a name in the manufacture and export of Electric Fans. Gujrat is also home to one of the two largest shoe manufacturing companies in Pakistan, namely Service Industries, which runs a large shoe factory in the city. There are about 1,059 cottage level and small to large scale industrial units operating in the district. Rice production and export is another major product of Gujrat. There are many other factories engaged in manufacturing of electrical goods, electric motors and rice cleaning mills. Most are cottage industries, providing employment to a large number of people and accounting, in aggregate, for more than 90 percent of the domestic market.
The story of the emergence of the electric fan manufacturing industry in Pakistan started with a few enterprising individuals in the early 1940s, struggled against all odds, and created, without government or foreign help, resulting an efficient industry. There are now over five hundred fan factories in Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore and a few other cities. Most of the Fan Industries are in Gujrat.
Sir Syed Ahmad Khan named the region "Khita-e-Younan", or "Territory resembling ancient Greece", referring to the high number of educational institutes present in the area. The following universities and colleges are located in Gujrat:
University of Gujrat
Govt. Zaminadar Degree College (for men)
Govt. Fatima Jinnah Degree College (for women)
Govt. College For Girls
Swedish Pakistani Institute of Technology
Nawaz Sharif Medical College, at University of Gujrat
Gujrat Group of Colleges
Chenab Group Of Colleges
Govt. Girls College, Railway Road,
Govt. Degree College for men, G.T.Road,
Jamia Islamia Le-Binat-Ul-Islam ( Religious )
The district, with 1,019 kilometres of road, is linked with Gujranwala, Jhelum, and Mandi Bahauddin districts through metalled roads. The main Peshawar - Karachi railway line passes through the city and it is amongst an important railway stations of this route. The district is linked with Jhelum, Mandi Bahauddin, Sargodha and Gujranwala districts through Pakistan Railway Network. Daewoo Express has a terminal at GT Road Gujrat, started on May 14, 2004 and connects Gujrat with Lahore. Gujrat airport does not host any commercial flights, and people use the nearby Allama Iqbal International Airport, Lahore and Sialkot International Airport for domestic and international flights.
32°34?25.67?N 74°4?44.18?E? / ?32.5737972°N 74.0789389°E? / 32.5737972; 74.0789389
- Total 298,731
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 053
Number of Union councils 18
Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
Some Towns and Villages in Gujrat:
Behlol Pur, Gujrat
Chakori Sher Ghazi
Kotla Arab Ali
Mirza Tahir, Punjab
Thutha Rai Bahadar
Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
District of Gujrat:
Gujrat (Urdu: ??? ?????) is a district of Punjab Province in Pakistan. It is an ancient district located in between two famous rivers, the Jhelum and Chenab. Because of its proximity with the rivers the land is good for cultivation with rice and sugar cane as main crops. It is bounded on the northeast by Mirpur, on the northwest by the River Jhelum which separates it from Jhelum District, on the east and southeast by the Chenab River, separating it from the districts of Gujranwala and Sialkot, and on the West by Mandi Bahauddin. District Gujrat is spread over an area of 3,192 square kilometres, and is divided into three tehsils, Gujrat, Kharian, and Sarai Alamgir. There are many historic villages and towns in the district such as Chakdina, Kunjah, Dinga.
According to the Imperial Gazetteer of India:
“ GUJRAT Town itself is a place of some antiquity, and the District bounds in ancient sites.The district formed part of the kingdom of Porus, who was defeated by Alexander, probably in the Karri plain beyond the Jammu border, in July, 326 B.C. ; but four years later was conquered by Chandragupta Maurya in the national rising which took place on the death of Alexander. It remained under the Mauryas until shortly after the death of Asoka in 231, and about forty years later came under the sway of Demetrius the Graeco-Bactrian. The overthrow of the Bactrians by the Parthians in the latter half of the second century brought another change of rulers, and the coins of the Indo-Parthian Maues (c. 120 B. c.), who is known to local tradition as Raja Moga, have been found at Mong. At the end of the first century A. D., ie whole of the Punjab was conquered by the Yueh-chi. For several hundred years nothing is known of the history of the District, except that between 455 and 540 it must have been exposed to the ravages of the White Huns. Dr. Stein holds that the District formed part of the kingdom of Gurjara, which, according to the Rajatarangini, was
invaded between 883 and 902 by Sankara Varman of Kashmir, who defeated its king Alakhana. This may be the Ali Khan to whom tradition ascribed the refounding of GUJRAT.
However the foundation of the capital, Gujrat, according to the Ancient Geography of India:
“ is ascribed to a king named Bachan Pal of whom nothing more is known ; and its restoration is attributed to Ali Khan a Gujar, whose name is strangely like that of Alakhana, the Raja of Gurjara , who was defeated by Sangkara Varmma between AD 883 AD 901.”
Authentic history commences only in the Lodi period, when Bahlolpur, 23 miles (37 km) north-east of Gujrat, was founded in the reign of Bahlol (1451-89). Khwas Khan, governor of the Rohtas under Sher Shah Suri, founded Khwaspur near Gujrat. The settlement of the tract was completed by Akbar, who built a fort and compelled the Gujars to settle in it. The tract was then named Gujrat and formed into a separate district. Revenue records have been preserved in the families of the hereditary registrars (kanungos), and these exhibit Gujrat the capital of a district containing 2,592 villages, paying a revenue of 16 lakhs. In 1605 the famous Saiyid Abdul Kasim received Gujrat as a tuyul or fief from Akbar. On the decay of the Mughal power, Nadir Shah ravaged the District and destroyed Gujrat. The country also suffered at the same time from the ravages of Ahmad Shah Durrani, whose armies frequently crossed and recrossed it.
Meanwhile the Sikh power had been asserting itself in the Easter Punjab; and in 1765 Sardar Gujar Singh, head of the Bhangi confederacy, crossed the Chenab, defeated the Gakhar chief, Mukarrab Khan, and extended his dominions to the banks of the Jhelum. On Gujar Singh's death in 1788, his son, Sahib Singh, became involved in a war with Mahan Singh, the chieftain of Gujranwala, and afterwards with his son, the celebrated Ranjit Singh. After a few months of desultory warfare in 1798, the Gujrat leader found it well to accept a position of dependence under the young ruler of Gujranwala. At length, in 1810, Ranjit Singh, now master of the consolidated Sikh empire, determined to depose his tributary vassal. Sahib Singh with drew to the hills without opposition, and shortly afterwards accepted the Bajwat territory in the present Sialkot District conferred on him in jagir.
In 1846 Gujrat came under the supervision of British officials, when a settlement of land revenue was effected under order from the provisional government at Lahore. Two years later, the District was the scene of some of the battles which decided the even of the second Sikh War. While the siege of MULTAN still dragged slowly on, Sher Singh established himself at Ramnagar on the Gujrawala side of the Chenab, 22 miles (35 km) below Gujrat, leaving the main body of his army on the northern bank. Here he awaited the attack of the British, who attempted unsuccessfully to drive him across the river, on November 22, 1848. Lord Gough withdrew from the assault with heavy loss ; but sending round a strong detachment under Sir Joseph Thackwell by the Wazirabad ferry, he turned the flank of the enemy, and won the battle of Sadullapur. Sher Singh retired northward, and took up a strong position between the Jhelum and the Pabb Hills. The bloody battle of Chilianwala followed (January 13, 1849) a victory as costly as a defeat. On February 6 Sher Singh again eluded Lord Gough's vigilance, and marched southwards to make a dash upon Lahore; but the British pressed him close in the rear and, on February 22, he turned to offer battle at Gujrat. The decisive engagement which ensued broke irretrievably the power of the Sikh. The Punjab lay at the feet of the conquerors, and passed by annexation under British rule.
Climate and Ecology
Map showing location of Gujrat District (highlighted in green) in relation to neighbouring districts of Punjab Pakistan and the Kashmir region.This district has moderate climate, which is hot in summer and cold in winter. During peak summer, the day temperature shoots up to 50 °C, but the hot spells are comparatively shorter due to proximity of Azad Kashmir Mountains. The winter months are very pleasant and the minimum temperature may fall below 2 °C. The average rainfall on the Kashmir border is over 1000 mm, at Kharian it is 750 mm, at Gujrat 670 mm, and at Dinga 500 mm.
The district is administratively subdivided into three tehsils, these are:
The district has a wide political importance. It has produced many historic names like Major Raja Aziz Bhatti Shaheed (Nishan-e-Haider), Maj. Shabbir Sharif Shaheed (Nishan-e-Haider) and Majar M. Akram Shaheed (Nishan-e-Haider).
Ch. Innayat ullah Akbar, founder of Taleem ul Islam High school Murarian, ex Haakim e Aala Khaaksaar Tehrik West Pakistan. He was the son of Ch. Fateh Mohammad, VCO in Royal Indian Engineers.His brothers, Ch. Rehmat ullah and Ch. Nazir Ahmed also did serve in Royal Indian Army in the Engineers Regiment.
A big name in the history of Gujrat is Khan Bahadur saab he was one of most respected and feared person in gujrat one of the biggest zamendar of gujrat with his support his younger brother had made is mark also Nawab Sir Fazal Ali ,the head of the Nawabzada family of Gujrat and also the founder of the Zamendara College of Gujrat. Nawabzada Gazanfar Ali Gul, ex-MNA is from Nawab family.
Prominent leaders include Chaudhry Aitezaz Ahsan who is not only a famous polotician yet a world renowned lawyer. He is also ranked in the top ten intellectuals of the world this year (2008). , Chaudhary Ahmad heMukhtar, former Manister plus he defeated ch.Shujaat Hussain in election 2008.
A big Political name of District Gujrat, [[Muhammad Shabbir Ahmad Mir, Darul Hadeed Waley, President PML(N) Jalalpur Jattan City]] from Jalalpur Jattan, Gujrat. Another name is Ch. Ghulam Mustafa Qamar from Tanda, Gujrat, he was three time member of District Council Gujrat, before he came in politics serve as D.I.G Police in Azad Kashmir. Now his son Ch. Zubair Ahmad Khan is in politics.Ch. Altaf Dogha off mararpur ex- member of distt. council gujrat and brother of Ch. Mumtaz Billa Shaheed, the famous political personality of gujrat. Chaudhry brothers are very famous political family also from gujrat. Ch. SHUJAT HUSSAIN is the leader of PML(Q), big political party of pakistan. He is also the former priminister of PAKISTAN.
Education. A world class university was established by Ch.Brothers,the university name is Gujrat university.ch perviz Alahi did great effort for establishing university. The first Vice Chancellor of University of Gujrat was Dr. Imtiaz Ahmed Cheema and the Registrar was syed Khizar Mehdi. He belongs to Gujrat. He has wast educational experience. He did great effort for the establisment of University. After that Dr. Nizamuddin joined the University as Vice Chancellor. He is very hard working person and doing well to enhance the University. A medical college was established by Punjab Government due to efforts of local MPA Haji Nasar. the Vice Chancellor and Director Syed Khizar Mehdi joined him to complete this mega project.
According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the total population of Gujrat district was 2,048,008 of which 1,026,000 are males and 1,022,000 are females, with a population density of 642 persons per square kilometre. Over 25.62% of the population was recorded as being urban.
The principal tribes of the districts are Gujjars, Jats, , Mughals, Syeds, Rajputs, Kashmiris, Arians and Awans.
The principal gujjar clans are:
khatana, maher, mahrana, kalo, chachi, thikria, tinday, paswal,
The principal Jat clans are:
Bagril, Bangial, Badhan, Chadhar, Cheema, Dhillon, Dhotar,Gujjral, Ghumman, Gondal Jat, Heer or Hayer , Hanjra, Kang,Khokhar, Langrial, Mangat, Sahi, Sarai, Sipra, Tarar, Sandhu, Sial, Tatla, Thathaal, Virk, Waraich, Malhi
- District Nazim Chaudhry Shafaat Hussain
- District Naib Nazim Mian Muhammad Asghar Hayat
- Total 3,192 km2 (1,232.4 sq mi)
- Total 2,048,008
- Density 642/km2 (1,662.8/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Number of Tehsils 3
Tehsil and Union Councils:
ADDOWAL, AJNALA, ALAMGARH, BAREELA, BAROO, BEHARAJ, BHAGOWAL KALAN, CHAK KAMALA, CHAK MANJU, CHAK SADA, CHECHIAN, CHOPALA, DAULAT NAGAR, DEONA, DOGA, FATEHPUR., GAKHRA KALAN, GODLEKI, HAJIWALA, HARYAWALA, HAZRA MUGHLAN, IKHLAS GARH, JALALPUR SOHBTIAN, JAURA JALALPUR, JHEWRANWALI, KARIANWALA, KATHALA, LAKHANWAL, LANGAY, MACHIANA, MACHIWAL, MADINA, MANDIALA, MANGOWAL GHARBI, MARI KHOKHRRAN, MOINUDDINPUR, NAGRIANWALA, PEROSHAH, SABOWAL, SANTHAL, SAROKI, SURKHPUR, TANDA, THATHA MUSA, UC JALALPUR JATTAN 1, UC JALALPUR JATTAN 3, UC KUNJAH, UC. JALALPUR JATTAN 4, UC. SHADIWAL, UC.GUJRAT I MOH, UC.GUJRAT II MOH, UC.GUJRAT III MOH, UC.GUJRAT IV MOH, UC.GUJRAT IX MOH NORPUR, UC.GUJRAT V MOH RAILWAY, UC.GUJRAT VI MOH KALRA &, UC.GUJRAT VII, UC.GUJRAT X MOH, UC.GUJRAT XI FAISAL GATE, UC.GUJRAT XII MEHMDAHA, UC.GUJRAT XIII MARGHZAR, UC.GUJRAT XIV MOH, UC.GUJRAT XV, UC.GUJRATVIII, UC.JALAPUR JATTAN 65
ACHH., AMRA KALAN, BAGRIANWALA, BAHARWAL, BARNALI, BHADDAR, BHAGWAL, CHAK JANI, CHAKORI BHALOWAL, CHAKORI SHER GHAZI, CHARRYAWALA, DHORIA, DINGA-I, DINGA-II, DLAWARPUR, FATEH BHAND, GULIANA, GUNJA, HAJI MUHAMMAD, JAURA ., KARNANA, KHARIAN, KHAWASPUR, KOLIAN SHAH HUSSAIN, KOTLA ARAB ALI KHAN, KOTLA QASIM KHAN, LALAMUSA-I, LALAMUSA-II, LALAMUSA-III, LALAMUSA-IV, LANGRIAL, MALKA, MIANA CHAK, MIRZA TAHIR, MURALA, NOONANWALI, PANJAN KISSANA, SABOUR, SEHNA, SIKARYALI, THIKRIAN, THUTHA RAI BAHADAR, WARACHANWALA 43
BAGH NAGAR, BESA, KARYALA, KHOHAR, MANDI BHALWAL, SARAI ALAMGIR-I, SARAI ALAMGIR-II, SIMBLI, THIL BAKOHWAL 9
Total Number of Tehsils = 3 and Total Unions = 117
Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
Hospitals in Gujrat:
Life Medical Complex
Malik Haider Asadullah Hospital
Aziz Bhatti Shaheed Hospital
Gujrat Hair Transplant & Laser Surgery (+92-53-3038075)
Mian Aslam Hospital
Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
schools in Gujrat:
Johar School and College Marghzar Colony
Wisdom House Channan
Miss farida Sheikh School
Dare Arqam Model School
jinah model school karianwala
iqra public school
County Public High School
Pakistan international public school
The Educator School
Civil Pilot School
Govt. High School, Chechian
Govt. Riaz-ud-Din High School
Govt. Zamindara High School
Moon Light School
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Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
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Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
thx 4 usefull thread
ager pic hoty tu aur maza ajata:rose
Re: Gujrat - Pakistan
Wao Apnya Gujraat Kay Baray Mai kia Detail Information Hai...........Thank Khuram Bahi