Jhang District (Urdu: ??? ????) is a district of the Punjab province of Pakistan. The city of Jhang is the capital of the district. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan, the district's population was 2,834,545 of which 23.11% were urban The population had risen to 3.50 million according to a 2008 estimate.
3 Climate and general soil conditions
4 Fauna and Flora
5 Jhangochi dialect
10 Renowned Personalities
11 Heer's Tomb
15 External links
16 See also
LocationJhang is one of the oldest districts of the subcontinent, it was established almost 2000 BC formerly it was known as riasat Jhagi Sial.Jhang is bordered by the districts Sargodha in north, Gujranwala in northeast, Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh in east, Khanewal and Muzaffargarh in south, Leiah and Bhakkar in west and Kushab in northwest.
The district consists of 3 tehsils: Ahmad Pur Sial, Jhang and Shorkot.
Jhang District covers 8,809 km?. Almost all the area is plain cultivable land except in the North some rocks near Rabwah and Chenab Nagar at the banks of the Chenab River which belong to the series of Kirana Hills which in nature are like the mountains of Aravalli series. In the western part, the Thal Desert extends from the banks of the Jhelum River to the far west in the districts of Khushab and Bhakkar, while the Sandal Bar area arises from the Pabbarwala area near the Gujranwala boundary as the land abruptly arises from the land level almost at ten feet (3 m) height and almost gains 30 feet (9 m) height and this tract runs up till 87 km in the south and has a breadth of almost 30 to 40 km. This while area comprised forest in past and no kind of cultivation was possible for almost 100 years before the British colonial government established a canal system and the town of Lyallpur (now Faisalabad) on 975 acres (395 ha) of land, which is now the textile industry hub of Pakistan. Between the rivers Jhelum and Chenab a small area of Kirana bar is also located in this district, which ends at the Ghoriwala village. The area alongside the banks of rivers Ravi, Chenab and Jhelum is called Hitthar (area in which flood water reaches), while the upland area between bars and Hitthar is called Utar.
Climate and general soil conditionsThe climate of the district is hot and dry in the summer and cold and dry in winter. The surface of the district presents three distinct levels i.e. sand dunes of Thal on the extreme west, low lying river valley in the centre and old Sandal Bar on the extreme east. The rivers of Jhelum and Chanab make their way through the district and Trimmu Head-works is the point of their confluence. Mari Shah Sakhira a big town in Thal Desert is hottest place of district. Temperature of this area some time exceeds 50C in the months of June and July.
Fauna and FloraTrees of jand (Prosopis spicigera), karir (Capparis aphylla), beri (Zizyphus jujuba), van (Salvadora oleoides), kikar (Acacia nilotica), shisham (Dalbergia sissoo) and aak (Calotropois spp) are found within the district. Trees of jand, kreer, van, kikar, tahli, bohar are spread everywhere where there is no cultivation, while herbs of harmal, akrey, bathoo, etc are also found.
Jhangochi dialectJhangochi (also known as Jhangi) is a very old dialect of Punjabi Language, it has a widespread area starting from Khanewal at both ends of Ravi and Chenab ending into Gujranwala District. Almost the whole area shares the same tradition and culture. There are different aspects of the Jhangochi dialect of the Punjabi language and also the great culture of this area which created the romance stories of Heer Ranjha and Mirza Sahiba.
Famous Sufi saint Darbar Hazarat Sultan Bahu's poetry is also in the same Punjabi dialect.
The District of Jhang is in a region which is known as Sandal Bar. Punjabi folk dances such as Jhummar and Sammi are from this area. Jhummar is a dance for men while Sammi is danced by women. The famous form of folk music is known as dhola or Jhang da dhola. Traditionally men wear turbans and dhotis (like a kilt) though in recent years people have started wearing the national dress which is shalwar kameez. You will also see some older women wearing dhotis (skirts). The female style of wearing dhoti is called Majhla locally in Jhangochi and differs from that of men which is called Dhudder. More commonly now women wear shalwar kameez. Tent Pegging (naiza baazi), kabaddi, volleyball, cricket and football (soccer) are important street sports and an important part of the local culture. Teeyan and Trinjan was till 40 years back an important activity for women but with industrialization women no longer weave cloth using the spinning wheels. North western part of district Jhang, the area at the west bank of Jhelum river is somewhat different in its culture and is more influenced by the Thalochi culture emanating from neighboring districts of Mianwali, Bhakkar and Khushab.
Jhang is predominantly Sunni Muslim with a significant Shia population. There is a sizable Christian minority also. Among the majority Sunnis, Barelvi school of thought has a major influence. Dr. Tahir-ul-Qadri is a prominent religious scholar and politician representing this Sunny Barelvi influence. Maulana Haq Nawaz Jhangvi was another prominent and disputed leader from Jhang who created Anjuman-e-Spahe-e-Sohaba, now a banned organization by the United Nations. Jhang has been the center of the greater chess board of centuries old dispute between Sunnis and Shias for over two decades.
The Christian writer and evangelist Gulshan Esther is a native of Jhang who now resides in Oxford, England.
AdministrationThe district of Jhang is administratively subdivided into three tehsils, these are:
Ahmad Pur Sial
Tehsil Tehsil Nazim
Chiniot sheru gujar
Ahmad Pur Sial Khan Talib Raza Khan mirasi
Shorkot Mian Madhu Lal Hussain baloch
The main tribes and castes of the district include: jam,khyaraSyed[(Sheikh)(Sheikh Ansari)(Bhabhrana)(Ghumna na), Qazi,Dawana, Dab, Jabboana, Aheer, Arain, Awan, Aora, Baloch, [[Chela]], Bhatti, Bhojia Jat, Kohja Jat, Chadhar, Dhudhi, Gilotar, Gujjar, Haral, Hanjra, Jhandir, Johiya, Kathia, Khokhar, Lali, Sipra, Mahra, Maghiana, Marral, Naul, Nonari, Naswana or Nissowana,Pathan, Syed,[Lakhnana sial] Sial, Naul, Qureshi, Sangra, Shaliana, Sial, Sipra,Nalere, Talwaar, ThaheemandChela(BALOCH)
Syed (Arabic: The term Sayyid as an honorific title, is given to males accepted as descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (primarily by Shi'ite Muslims) through his grandsons, Hasan ibn Ali and Husain ibn Ali, who were the sons of the prophet's daughter Fatima Zahra and son-in-law Ali ibn Abi Talib. Daughters of male sayyids are given the titles Sayyida, Alawiyah, Syarifah, or Sharifah. Children of a Sayyida mother but a non-Sayyid father cannot be attributed the title of Sayyid, however they may claim maternal descent and are called Mirza.
Sayyids are Arabs, and Sayyids in Asia are of Arab origin. The Sayyids are a branch of the tribe of Banu Hashim, a clan from the tribe of Quraish, which traces its lineage to Adnan, whose lineage traces back to the Prophet Ismael the son of the Prophet Ibrahim or Abraham.
Some Muslims also use the term Sayyid for the descendants of Abu Talib, uncle of Muhammad, by his other sons: Jafar, Abbas, Aqeel and Talib.
The Dab are a tribe of Jats, found in the district
They migrated from Jalandhar, after the partition of India in 1947.
The Sials are the biggest tribe of the district Jhang, there are several subcaste of the sial i-e Jatiana, Rajbana, Bhabrana, Aliyana, Koriyana, Bharwana, Jabboana, Mahni, Surbana, Sargana, Jangiana, Mighiyana, Surbrana, Nitthrana. Sadhana etc.
sadhana is a sial.it is a sub tribe present in jhang and fasialabad.there is no of sadhana present in India.
It is a major sub-clan of Sial tribe in district Jhang. Jabboana is also the name of village which is situated near Trimmu Barrage. Jabboana sial are the descendants of Hazrat Peer Jabbo Shaheed(RA).They are Agriculturists and play a major role in politics of the area.
Chadhar is another greatest tribe of Jhang having 21 sub clans like Aasi,Nalere(Lalere), Wejhwa, Wijhalke, Jappa,kaloke, lune, Majoke, kulle, jatoke, kamoke,moona, deoke, Sajanke, Rajoke, Kaloke etc.
Chadhars hold a large tract on the left bank Chenab Starting from Rajoa Sadat down to Khiwa Mahni. They are found in not only in every nook and corner of Jhang but also in whole of Punajab. They are also important player of politics of district.
The third biggest tribe of district is Bhatti which also hold a large area of in the Utar area of Kirana Bar between River Jhelum and Chenab. That area's tribal name is Bhatiore.
Gilotar tribe holds an area on left bank of Chenab in North side of district in Tehsil Chiniot.
Naswana or Nissowana
Naswana tribe holds the right upper bank of Chenab in Chiniot Tehsil boundaries with district Sargodha.
Khokhar is another Important tribe holds the Left Bank of river Jhelum between Bhatiore and Sial area.
The Marral are a tribe of Chauhan Rajput origin, found in villages near the city of Jhang.
They are clan of Qureshi Arabs, found in Shorkot Tehsil.
They are clan of MUHAJIR and found are RODU SULTAN. MEO is famous to MULANA ILYASS AHMAD KANDTHILVI
They are clan of jat, found in multan and toba tek sing,pakpatan, faisalabad,khanewal,sahiw al,and vehari districtts .local tribe of punjab ,""[Lakhnana sial]""
Renowned PersonalitiesDr. Abdus Salam, Nobel laureate in Physics
Syed Fasal Hayat - Politician (Former federal minister)
Mian Muhammad Azam Chela - Politician
Mian Muhammad Akram Chela - Politician
Syeda Abida Hussain - Politician (Former federal minister and Pakistani Ambassador to USA)
Dr Abul Hasan Ansari - Politician  - Known for his Principled Politics  - Is also actively involved in Provincial Policy Making
Nazeer Naji, (Columnist)
Shaykh Muhammad Imdad Hussain Pirzada, Leading Islamic Scholar and Mufassir of Holy Qur'an
Allama Dr Tahir-ul-Qadri - Islamic Scholar and Politician
The heroine of the famous love story, Heer Ranjha, Heer's tomb lies just north of Jhang on the way to Faisalabad.> An annual fair is held at her tomb. A comprehensive account of her story is told by Waris Shah in his book.And after this Waris Shah admit that it was a fantasy and nothing more.
Jhang is famous for its Shrines and Tombs. Some of them are lister below but the list goes on and on.
Darbar Hazrat Shah Sheikhan (R.A) Sheikhan Shehar, Tehsil Chiniot , Jhang Lalian Road, Jhang.
Darbar Hazrat SULTAN BAHOO (RA) : Tehsil Shorkot, Distt. Jhang.
Darbar Hazrat Sultan Noor Muhammad, sultan Muhammad Nawaz & Sultan ul Asr Hazrat Ghulam Dastgir Al-Qadiri near Darbar Hazrat Sultan Bahoo
Darbar Hazarat Peer Maharaj Syed Shabbar Raza of Pubbarwalla Sharif
Darbar Hazrat Sultan Noor Hassan & Sultan Abdul Majeed near Darbar Hazrat Sultan Bahoo
Hazrat Peer Jabbo Shaheed (R.A), Mouza Uch Noori Gul Imam, Jhang.
Darbar Hazrat Sultan Muhammad Azeez near Darbar Hazrat Sultan Bahoo
Darbar Hazrat Sultan Dost Muhmmad near Darbar Hazrat Sultan Bahoo
Darbar Hazrat Sultan Ahmad Bakhsh near Darbar Hazrat Sultan Bahoo
Darbar Hazrat Sultan Muhammad Hassan near Darbar Hazrat Sultan Bahoo
Darbar Sultan Shah Sakhira At Mari Shah Sakhira
Darbar Mahni Sharif : Kot Lakhnana, 6th Mile, Gojra Road, Jhang
Darbar Mangani Sharif Hazrat Pir Karam Hussain(RA)
Hazrat Shah Jewana (RA) : Shah Jewana, Tehsil & Distt. Jhang.
Sial Sharif : Sial Sharif, Sargodha Road, Jhang.
Maai Heer : Faisalabad Road, Jhang Saddar.
Peer Hathy Wan : Jhang City
Darbar Shah Kabir: Jhang City, Jhang
Shrine of Athara Hazari : Athara Hazari Jhang.
Peer Hazrat Syed Dargahi Shah
Peer Uch Gul Imam
Baloki Shareef : Mochi Wala, Faisalabad Road, Jhang.
Hazrat Shah Sadiq Nahang : Shorkot Multan road, Jhang.
Darber Rodoo Sultan : Garrh MahaRaja road, Jhang.
Darbar Peer Gohar Shah
Darbar Peer Mohammad Shah Bukhari
Peer Noor Ahmad Hashmi
Darbar Mian Murad
Peer Mirak Sial
Darbar Mae Bap (Bahoo Sultan)
Peer Abdr Rehman
Peer Hasu Balail
Darbar Noori Nahra
Peer Durki shah
Darbar Hazarat Farid-e-Millat Dr Farid-ud-Din Qadri (RA) Basti Saleh Shah, Jhang.
Peer Hafiz Abdulkarim Yousaf Shah Road, Jhang.
Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji: This sacred shrine of Jagat Guru Nanak Dev Ji is on Toba road outside Jhang. Buses or mini buses going to this place from Jhang are easily available. Its bus stop is on the bridge after Bagha Wala. From the bus stop one has to walk upstream along the canal. A Gurdwara was built by the followers on the mound where Sat Gur Dev Ji had stayed. A primary school is housed in the Gurdwara now.
Mazar Hazrat Shah Balail in Hassu balail.
Mazar Hazrat Noor Ashab Near Hassu Balail.
Mazar Hafiz Abdur Razzaq in Imam Kot Hassu balalil.
Darbar Peer Chiragh Shah Bokhari at Thana Mason Taseil Jhang
Darbar Baba Ghareeb Ali in chak no.211 j.b Titraanwala
Darbar Baba Haji Ahmad Darvesh Baghdadi. Shaheed road Jhang
Darbar Noor Muhammad Awan Marhoom. Mai heer Jhang
Derbar peer fatah Shah Chak Hundlan Bhowan Painsra Road Distt.Chiniot
DARBAR PEER HAZRAT SHAH SHARIEF CHUND CITY JHANG
Darbar Lal Shah Wara Thatta Mohammad Shah, Chiniot Road, Jhang.
A Mandar (Name not known) at Wara Suleman, Chiniot Road, Jhang.
Darbar Mian Bakha Sharif Moza balo shahbal ,Chiniot road , Jhang
Darbar Hazarat Peer Shahbal Shah Moza Balo shahbal Jhang ( by Malik Aman ullah ) Karodia autos Jhang.
Derbar Tiban Piran Shrif, Hazrat Pir Muhammad Hussain Shah Hamdani, Purana Khushab Road, Via 18 Hazari, Near Kurhianwala.
Jhang is a fast developing area of Punjab Province. The literacy rate of the Jhang District is about 60%. Some of the educational institutions are listed below:
Chenab College Jhang
Faran Model School Jhang
Faran Model College Jhang
Lahore College for Women University
Ali Informatics Computer College Jhang
Quaid-e-Azam Model School, Ahmad Pur Sial, Distt. Jhang
Ghazali Pilot Schools Jhang
Rachna College of Commerce, Jhang.
Sacred Heart High School
St. Martin's School (Christian Colony, Jhang)
Pioneer Institute of Computer Sciences Yousaf Shah Road, Jhang Sadar.