(Pashto: ?????,Urdu: ?????)
A major town of the North-West Frontier Province . It is a division and districts headquarter, The town is 37 m. south of Peshawar by the Dara Adam Khel( Kohat Pass ), along which a military road was opened in 1901. The famous and dangerous bounteous road over the Kotal post is now bypassed by most beautiful Kohat Tunnel, Kohat is linked to Islamabad and is 160 miles west and now a comfortable highway links Kohat to Bannu and Waziristan and to Zoab Baluchistan and on other side Indus High links to Multan and Karachi and Sindh. On the west road leads to Hangu, Thal and Kurram Agency.
Area : 2,545 km2 (982.6 sq mi)
Location: 33° - 04’ and 33° - 34’ north latitudes and 70° - 29’ and 72° - 01' east longitudes
Kohat district is divided into two Tehsils.
• Lachi (Lachi is one of the largest village of Kohat. (Situated on the southern border with Karak district)
Kohat is surrounded by a chain of mountains, holding a beautiful cantonment. It is one of the oldest cantonments of Pakistan and also the old district of Sub-continent. Kohat is described in the old history of Buddhism. This district has boundaries with Aurakazai Agency, district Hangu, district Kurak, district Nowshera and Punjab.
The town centers around a British-era fort, various bazaars, and a military cantonment. Kohat is also known for its Sufi Saints. There are a number of tombs of famous Sufi Saints in the area, like Haji Bahadar Ali Abdullah Shah alias Haji Bahadar Sahib, Shrine of Saint Bona Baba, Janan Baba shrine, Shrine of Peer Ghamkole Sharif and Shrine of Hazrat Banoor Baba.
The District of Kohat has an area of 2973 sq. m. It consists chiefly of a bare and intricate mountain region east of the Indus, deeply scored with river valleys and ravines, but enclosing a few scattered patches of cultivated lowland. Important historical places include Darra, Khushal Garh, Kohat town, Lachi, Shakardarra, Gumbat and Tanda Dam.
Kohat is blessed with many natural resources. The orchards of Kohat Guava are popular in the whole country as it is the major fruit of the area and Kohat is famous for its quality and taste. This fruit gives very high returns to the farmers. Other fruits are apricot, mulberry, citrus etc. Other resources included honey, gypsum, arms and ammunition, kohati chappal and Mazari products.
Cadet College Kohat, a boarding military college is also located in the outskirts of Kohat spread over an area of about 144 acres.
According to data from Pakistan's last census in 1998, the district's population stands around 562,640 with an annual growth rate of 3.25%. The predominant language is Pushto, which is spoken by 77.54 percent of the total population, while Hindku is mostly spoken and understood in Kohat city and adjacent areas.
The early history of the district is limited to the vaguest traditions. It is said that in the Buddhist times, two Rajas named Adh and Kohat settled along with the northern border of the district. The remnants of the Buddhist day is a road cut off the mountain side, on the western skirts of the Jawaki hills near Kotal Post which leads by an even gradient towards the crest.
The first historical mention of Kohat is to be found in the memoirs of Babur (who later created the Mughal Empire), who visited Kohat in 1505. Babar in his memoirs calls the inhabitants of the area Afghan.
After Babar the history of Kohat revolves around two major tribes namely Bangash and Khattak. These people appear to have settled in the district, during 14th am 15th centuries. From 16th to 18th centuries, Kohat remained a part of Afghanistan, administered by the Chiefs of two afore mentioned tribes. In the beginning of 19th century Kohat came under the control of Sikhs who ultimately withdrew leaving to the administrative control of Khan of Teri in 1836.
Kohat was finally annexed to the British dominion on 28 March 1849 with the rest of Punjab and an Assistant Commissioner was posted here to run the administration and to look after the British interests. In the initial stages of the British administration, the locals of the area posed considerable problems. Later on some of the tribe joined with the British Government and helped them in running the area. Nevertheless, the Britishers were never at peace in this part of their Kingdom as resistance and opposition always cropped from one quarter or the other. But their tactics of "Divide and Rule" ultimately strengthened their hold over the region. They put one tribe against the other by giving preference to one against the other and finally succeeded in administration them. An example of unrest against the British in this area is the event of the brave Afridi Ajab Khan, who forced the entire British administration of the district to surrender to his demands.
Ethnicity and Tribes;
Pashtuns are the main (largest) ethnic group in Kohat, The main pashtun tribes are Bangash, Khattak and Afridi are the major part of the population of the district. Pushto is the predominant language while Hindku is mostly spoken and understood in Kohat city and adjacent areas.
The population of Kohat district is Muslim, the Sunni predominate and there is also large Shias population settled in the district and they stretch from Chikarkot Bala, Sherkot to Kachai (i.e. southern border of Kohat). Usterzai Payan is the largest village of Shias. It is an educated and civilized village. It is also popular because of Al-Asar College.Al-Asr college is run by an NGO. Chali Bagh, Jauzara, and Kachai(Katsi) are famous for their natural springs. People come here in summer day from far of places. There are some Christian families, which settled during the British colonial rule, most of whom are employees of Municipal Committee, Cantonment Board and defense services also reside in Kohat city and Cantonment area. Some scattered families of Hindus also reside in Kohat, Kachai and Marai while a good numbers of Balmiks are employed in various local bodies.
Rivers and Streams;
The river Indus forms the eastern boundary of the district, which separates it from the province of Punjab. Kohat Toi is a principal stream, which enters from Hangu district and flowing to east and southeast, drains into river Indus. The river has a small perennial flow, which disappears before it reaches the town of Kohat, it reappears again at some distance down stream and then flows continuously to the Indus. The Kohat Toi has several small torrents or tributaries, which join it at different places. Another, stream Teri Toi, which flows from west to east, in the southern half of the district, joins the river Indus. The river has little or no perennial flow.
The common trees are ber, Blueberry, sanatha, phulal, olea etc. All kinds of roses, bougainvillea, kashmalo, gul-e-nargis, gui-e-dawoodi Chameli and other seasonal flowers are planted and sown in the district.
Typical wildlife found in the district are hare, jackal, wolf, fox, wild cat, chakor, black partridge, grey partridge, urial, chinkara, blue bull, hogdeer, water fowl.
Worth seeing Places;
RAZA Mansion Usterzai Payan, Kotal and Kohat Pass, Masjid Haji Bahadur, The Bridge of Khushal Garh, The remnants of the Durranis at Shahpur, Kohat Fort, KUST, Kohat Board, Kohat Tunnel, Kohat Cantonment, Kotal Town (KDA), Usterzai Payan, Sherkot,Chiker-kot-Bala and Tanda Dam
Renowned Educational Organizations;
Kohat University of Science & Technology, Preston University Kohat. Cadet College Kohat, Garrison Cadet College Kohat, Frontier Education Foundation Academy, Postgraduate College for Boys, Postgraduate College for Women, Iqra Public School, Army Public School & College, Fazaia College and Peace Associates bayna tor speen, jungle khel, tanda dam, AL-ASAR ACADEMY USTERZAI PAYAN,
Weekly Hamdam, Weekly Sharar, Weekly Uqab, Weekly Dastak, Weekly Tehqeeq,Nayab (literary magazine), Monthly Kohat on Line, Monthly Shehr-e-Sukhan (literary magazine), Daily Taseer, Weekly Kohatnews, Monthly HAQAIQ Kohat
• Radio Pakistan Kohat
• Radio KUST
Radio-KUST FM 98.2 MHz was launched on 14th of August, 2009. It is primarily an educational broadcasting radio with a fairly wide coverage. It is reportedly heard in nearly three Agencies of FATA, Kurum, Aurakzai and Khyber, besides Kohat and its surrounding cities like Karrak, Hangu and Darra Adam Khel. The radio exhibited the technological expertise of the Kohat University of Science and Technology by broadcasting live conversations from callers, not only on land phone line but also from the Internet facility called Skype. Skype users from all over the world connected to the radio transmission for nearly 48 hours as part of Independence Day Celebrations. It thus became the first radio in Pakistan that introduced broadcasting to the local community, through global connection to the Internet free voice calling facility over Skype. The university intends to use this facility for receiving lectures in some hard core areas of natural and social sciences and broadcasting it to the surrounding area to raise educational standards and increase awareness. The radio is primarily a laboratory for the students of the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication Blog where they can learn practical skills of electronic journalism. Radio KUST will be shortly streamed live to the Internet after securing permission from PEMRA. It would be then possible to listen to the broadcasts from anywhere in the world on the Internet.
The city is facilitated with two dams; Tanda Dam and Gandiali Dam. The former is located in the SW of the city and the later is located in the SE. Moreover , the city is giving a good friendship symbol between Japan and Pakistan by having a 1.8 km long tunnel constructed by Taisei Corporation of Japan. "Kohat Start.(Kohat Tunnel construction, Pakistan)(Brief Article)(Statistical Data Included)".
Economic Scenario of the District:
Kohat is famous for agri products and hand made kohati chappal. Agricultural products of the area include wheat, maize, barley, guava and citrus fruit. Poultry and local breeds of cattle are also good source of income for the people of Kohat.
Different regions of Kohat are characterized by the production of different items e.g.
Billitang is famous for the production of mazri products. These products are being sold in Kohat, Peshawar and Islamabad markets, while some organizations have started exporting them to UK and Holland as well.
Darra Adam khel is famous for the production of arms and ammunition throughout the country. The technical skill attained by these gunsmiths is acknowledged even in foreign countries. It has also become a major source of livelihood for the people of this area. Shakar Darra is famous for Bee keeping and Honey processing. About 150 bee keeping farms are currently present in Kohat district making it a good source of income for the habitants of this area Tanda Dam was built in 1960s near Kohat city towards the Hangu district. It is the main source of irrigation to adjoining areas. It has lovely surroundings, which attract a large number of people especially on weekends. The peaceful recreation provided by its natural beauty is unsurpassed. Main bazaars of the area are Kohat, Gumbat, Lachi and Bilitang. Lachi is the main vegetable market and also Sub Tehsil of District Kohat. Gumbat is alos Sub Tehsil ofKohat and is main market located on Pindi Kohat Road.
The major crops grown in the district are wheat, barley, onion, garlic (Rabi), maize, rice, bajra, ground nut, chari, and sugarcane (Kharif). Guava is the major fruit of area and Kohat is famous for its quality and taste. This fruit gives very high return to the farmers. Others fruits are apricot, mulberry, citrus, etc.
Garlic and ladyfinger are the leading vegetables which give maximum income to the farmer. Other vegetables grown in the district are onion, potato, bringel, turnip, carrot, tomato and chilies among others.
Provision of adequate and dependable source of irrigation water is essential for the economic and social uplift of the area. In Kohat district only 25 percent of the total cultivated area is irrigated. The main source of irrigation is Tanda Dam. Furthermore, there are a number of tube wells and civil channels which supply water for irrigation purposes.
At present about 2.5 percent of the total land is under forest. Mostly forests are subtropical scrub forest with major species like acacia, oleo cuspidate etc.
Livestock, Fisheries and Dairy development:
The local cattle breeds available in Kohat are Lohani, Dani and mix breeds which are non-productive and are being changed by artificial insemination with Frezien breed to improve milk/meat production. Similarly the local goats are being crossed with Beetal goats to increase their milk/mutton production. Under rural improvement of poultry program, the local poultry is being protected against
various diseases through preventive inoculation and the poultry is crossed with Foamy breeds to improve the eggs production.
As far as industrial development is concerned Kohat is lagging behind as compare to other big cities of the country. Forward efforts are needed to uplift the pace of industrial development in this region. However three big units established in Kohat including Kohat Cement, Babri Cotton and Saif Cotton Mills and the Janana the maloocho Textile Mill are the major contributors to the economy of not only Kohat region but for the national economy as well.
Detail of industrial units is given below
INDUSTRIAL UNITS, KOHAT DISTRICT
Small Industrial Estate Kohat
- Paper & paper board: 1
Dall Factory: 1
Besides the industrial units established at Kohat, some potential clusters are also exist which can be further developed which will play their role in District Economy.
Small Investment Projects for the District: