or Larkano (Urdu????? [la??ka?na?], Sindhi: ??????? 1901) is the fourth largest city in the north-western part of Sindh Province, Pakistan, and is located withinLarkana District. In August 2000 Larkana celebrated its hundred years of existence. It is located on the south bank of the Ghar canal, 40 miles south of Shikarpur town, and 36 miles north-east of Mehar.
During British rule Larkana became the headquarters of Larkana District and Larkana Taluka, and for a time was part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. The city lay on the route of the North-Western Railway, and the population according to the 1901 census of India was 14,543. The name was taken from the Larik (caste) as Larkana, at that time the chief of the caste was Sardar Saeed Nawaz Larik.
Larkana is surrounded by fertile land in which all kind of fruits and vegetables are cultivated, including potatoes, melons, olives, oranges, peas, carrots, cucumber, mangoes and guava. Some 10 km from the city, sugarcane is cultivated and processed at the sugar mill established in 1990 in Nau Dero village, the birthplace of the former prime minister of Pakistan Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and where Benazir Bhuttowas raised.
One of the world's oldest archaeological sites, Mohen-jo-daro lies 28 km away from the Larkana City. As a major archaeological site, it has its own airport, which is shared by Larkana. In Larkana District there are other archaelological sites, such as Jhoker Jo Daro.Most people in Larkana city as well Larkana district speak Sindhi. English and Urdu are also widely understood. Except Sindhi language, Siraiki, Balochi and Brahivi lanaguages are also spoken.