MINISTRY OF CULTURE
BRIEF ON MINISTRYCulture, Archaeology and Sports was a part and parcel of the Ministry of Education prior to 1977. In April, 1977, a new Ministry of Culture, Archaeology Sports, and Tourism with two Divisions viz. Culture, Archaeology and Sports and Tourism Division were created. It enjoyed the status of an independent Division upto September, 1993 when as a result of decision of Economy Commission and in pursuance of Cabinet Division s Notification dated 19th October, 1993, the Ministry was re-designated as Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism with one Division namely Culture, Sports & Tourism Division. In April, 1995 the Division was further bifurcated into two Divisions namely Culture Division and Sports & Tourism Division as per Cabinet Division s notification dated 30-04-1995.
2.In 1996, vide Cabinet Division s Notification No.4-15/96-Min-I, dated 19th November, 1996, three Divisions i.e. (i) Culture Division, (ii) Sports & Tourism Division and (iii) Youth Affairs Division and later on 3-12-2000 Minorities Affairs Wing were merged into one Ministry and renamed as Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism and Youth Affairs.
3.In pursuance of Cabinet Division s Notification No.4-20/2004-MIN-I dated 2-9-2004, Ministry of Minorities, Culture, Sports, Tourism and Youth Affairs has been trifurcated into 03 independent Ministries i.e. (1) Ministry of Culture, Sports and Youth Affairs, (2) Ministry of Tourism and (3) Ministry of Minorities Affairs.
4. Ministry of Culture, Sports & Youth Affairs has been bifurcated into following 02 Ministries/Divisions in pursuance of Cabinet Division s Notification No.4-14/2005.Min.I, dated 18.09.2005:-
i)Culture and Sports Division
ii)Youth Affairs Division
5. Now the Ministry of Culture and Sports has been again bifurcated into two Ministries/Divisions viz: Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Sports in pursuance of Cabinet Division s Notification No.2-3/2006-Min.I(a) dated 25th April, 2006.
6. Total sanctioned strength of the Ministry of Culture is 138 out of which there are 26 officers and 112 other staff.
Culture Of Pakistan
Custom And Festivals
Language and Literature
Arts of Pakistan
National Symbols of Pakistan
Cultural Heritage of Pakistan
Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and bestowed for the benefit of the future generations.
Physical or cultural heritage includes buildings and historic places, monuments, archaeological sites and artifacts, that are considered worthy of preservation for the sake of future cultural, social and educational benefits.
The Convention Concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage, in General Conference in UNESCO in 1972, maintained that the heritage which survives from past is often unique and irreplaceable, which places the responsibility of preservation on current generations. Accordingly, about 830 cultural heritage sites from 138 countries were enlisted on the World Heritage List. Pakistan is fortunate to have a wide array of heritage sites, of which at least six are inscribed on the UNESCO list.
The land where the Islamic Republic of Pakistan is situated today had been a seat of world’s leading Civilizations from the time immemorial. There is plenty of evidence from the pre-historic and historic period to support this argument, e.g. fossil jaws of apes, circa 14 millions years old found from Pothohar. They belong to a species named “Sivapithecus Pakininsis”, said to be the ancestor of Man. A two million years old earliest stone hand axe was also found from the same region (Dar, 2001).
The Cultural Heritage of Pakistan is spread over several centuries, starting from pre-historic times to the present day and which may be summarized in the following periods:
Indus Valley Civilization
Sikh Period: 1762-1849 A.D.
British Period: 1857 - 1947
Post Independence Pakistan