Expectations of a Teachers Lesson Plans
Effective lesson plans are expected in most schools and include accepted guidelines. These are required regardless of subject matter or grade being taught. The plans are directions for a sequential procedure that help guide the teacher in executing the lesson. The chairperson generally checks these periodically and makes recommendations for improvement.
The aim or objective of the lesson expresses what the teacher plans to accomplish as well as what the students should be able to do at the end of the session or unit. The teacher should think about previous lessons and where the students stand in relationship to the present one. Consider if the students have the necessary skills to achieve this objective. Be specific.
A lesson plan should include a list of the necessary materials needed to teach the lesson. Have books or equipment ready to begin teaching. Develop a vocabulary list or plan handouts, if needed, and write these in the plan. Arrange for field trips or guest speakers, if appropriate, and describe these.
A teacher's lesson plan consists of a detailed procedure of the steps the teacher plans to use to teach the lesson as well as expectations for students to master. Introduce the lesson by motivating the students to become interested in what will be taught. This can be done, for example, by showing a related picture, posing a problem to be solved or relating an anecdote. The motivation should relate the topic to the students' lives.
Check that the main sections of the plan detail the techniques to be used. Consider if the method will be a demonstration of something shown to the class. Another possibility is an explanation where the teacher will explain a procedure or situation on the topic. Also, the teacher should plan several pivotal questions that should be spelled out in detail in the plan.
The lesson plan consists of a medial summary during the course of the lesson to determine how well the students are grasping what is being taught. The plan states what steps have been taken so far to teach the objective and what material was actually covered. The ideal lesson plan also provides for a final summary at the end to determine the success of the lesson.
The lesson plan focuses on an evaluation of the material that was covered. This can be done by giving quizzes, assigning papers or discussing the issues brought out throughout the class sessions.
A thorough lesson plan provides for provision for follow-up activities, if appropriate to that particular lesson. These can be homework which reviews or expands upon the work covered. Another possibility is to assign a project such as research, oral reports or art posters, for example. Additional reading can also be required.